Ionian islands is a complex spread from NW to SW part of Greece. They also called Eptanissa, which in Greek means “7 islands”, because there are 7 main islands.
The big ones are six: Zakynthos, Ithaca, Corfu, Kefalonia, Lefkada, and Paxi. The smallest are Antipaxi, Ereikousa, Mathraki, Othoni, Meganissi and the complex of the deserted Spinades in the south of Zakynthos. Together with Kythera, which are separated from the rest, opposite the southern Peloponnese and the Laconian coasts, as well as their neighbors Antikythera, they constitute the Ionian Islands.
Once united with mainland Greece, they were violently separated after precipitation of the soils due to the great coastal fault of the Ionian Sea. Thus, steep beaches and beautiful beaches were created, thus explaining their high mountains, which before the fault formed part of the mountain range of Pindos, which crosses mainland Greece. Still, this explains the great depth of their waters, the largest in the Mediterranean, reaching 4.406 m.
The Ionian islands have been inhabited since the Palaeolithic period, and since then they have lived through many different states of power and cultural conditions. Part of the Byzantine Empire, in 1204, when the Franks occupied Constantinople, passed to Venice, when the local aristocracy was emerging, a register of nobility, whose traces survived until the 19th century.
The Ionian islands are ideal for sailing. The winds and the sea are calm throughout the year, making them sailable with all kinds of boats. You will find there some of the most photographed white-sand beaches of Greece, with blue and green waters: Porto-Katsiki in Lefkada, Navagio in Zakynthos, Myrtos in Kefallonia, Voutoumi in Antipaxoi, Issos in Corfu, and Gidaki in Ithaki, are among them.
Corfu is the capital and a major city of the Ionians. Ithas have been inhabited since the Palaeolithic times; later, the well-known by the Odyssey Faiakes lived here; that is why it is called the island of Phoeac.
Corfu has plenty of museums, monuments, cultural centers, here was founded and operated the first Greek university, there was a power plant since 1850, when the union was transferred to Piraeus, its huge Musical tradition is known, in the city of Corfu there are the three the main philharmonics of the Old Philharmonic, the Philharmonic Mantzaros, and the Kapodistrias Philharmonic, but there is also one in almost every village.
Here is the old and the new fortress, the largest square perhaps in Europe called Spianada, Liston, a place in the past of the gathering of nobles and now the meeting place of all Corfiots.
Outside the city one can also visit dozens of attractions, Angelokastro, a Byzantine fortress near Paleokastritsa, Achilles, a palace built by the empress of the Austro-Hungarian Empire or otherwise Sissy in honor of the mythical Achilles located in the village of Gastouri 3 km north of the Benitses, the Kaiser Bridge built by William Helmut when he bought Achilleion, the Maritime Museum at Benitses, the Olive Museum at the Cynopiastes, and dozens of other mansions of the Middle Ages. They stumble in almost every village.
Environmentally, Corfu is definitely an entire continent in miniature, it has all sorts of landscapes with incredible alternations, from green forests to mountains to deserted sandy beaches that resemble Sahara, all of which contain unique ecosystems with very rich biodiversity, there are hundreds of bird species, wild animals, insects and all kinds of plants and trees that exist in the Mediterranean and not only. Of course, the tree that dominates is the olive tree and all the citrus trees.
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